HTML <q> Tag

The HTML <q> tag represents a quotation from another source.

Browsers usually surround <q> text with quotation marks. If the quotation spans multiple lines, you should use the <blockquote> tag. Most browsers present blockquote text as indented text.


The <q> tag is written as <q></q> with the quotation inserted between the start and end tags.

Like this:


Basic tag usage

When NOT to Use the <q> Tag?

The HTML5 specification states that the <q> element must not be used in place of quotation marks that do not represent quotes; for example, it is inappropriate to use the <q> element for marking up sarcastic statements.. This would also include naming a word from within a sentence.

Therefore, the following example should not be marked up using the <q> tag.


Attributes can be added to an HTML element to provide more information about how the element should appear or behave.

There are 3 kinds of attributes that you can add to your HTML tags: Element-specific, global, and event handler content attributes.

The <q> element accepts the following attributes.

Element-Specific Attributes

This table shows the attributes that are specific to the <q> tag/element.

citeIndicates the source of the quotation. Must be a valid URL.

Global Attributes

The following attributes are standard across all HTML5 elements. Therefore, you can use these attributes with the <q> tag , as well as with all other HTML tags.

For a full explanation of these attributes, see HTML 5 global attributes.

Event Handler Content Attributes

Event handler content attributes enable you to invoke a script from within your HTML. The script is invoked when a certain "event" occurs. Each event handler content attribute deals with a different event.

Below are the standard HTML5 event handler content attributes.

Again, you can use any of these with the <q> element, as well as any other HTML5 element.

For a full explanation of these attributes, see HTML 5 event handler content attributes.

Differences Between HTML 4 & HTML 5


To see more detail on the two versions see HTML5 <q> Tag and HTML4 <q> Tag. Also check out the links to the official specifications below.


Here's a template for the <q> tag with all available attributes for the tag (based on HTML5). These are grouped into attribute types, each type separated by a space. In many cases, you will probably only need one or two (if any) attributes. Simply remove the attributes you don't need.

For more information on attributes for this tag, see HTML5 <q> Tag and HTML4 <q> Tag.

Tag Details

For more details about the <q> tag, see HTML5 <q> Tag and HTML4 <q> Tag.


Here are the official specifications for the <q> element.

What's the Difference?

W3C creates "snapshot" specifications that don't change once defined. So the HTML5 specification won't change once it becomes an official recommendation. WHATWG on the other hand, develops a "living standard" that is updated on a regular basis. In general, you will probably find that the HTML living standard will be more closely aligned to the current W3C draft than to the HTML5 specification.